CONTINUITY/RUPTURE:
ART AND ARCHITECTURE IN CENTRAL EUROPE 1918-1939

Principal investigator: Matthew  Rampely
Team: Marta Filipová, Matthew Rampley, Nóra Veszprémi
Duration: 2019 – 2024
Provider: European Comission, H2020
Project web page: craace.com

Abstract:

When new political elites and social structures emerge out of a historical rupture, how are art and architecture affected? In 1918 the political map of Central Europe was redrawn as a result of the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, marking a new era for the region. Our project examines the impact of this political discontinuity in three of Austria-Hungary’s successor states: Austria, Hungary and Czechoslovakia. For many centuries, the entire territory of these countries had been ruled by the Habsburgs, and the shared memory of this imperial past created a common cultural space, even as the newly formed nation states were asserting themselves in opposition to that memory.

Muni Award in Science and Humanities

Principal investigator: Matthew Rampley
Team: Christian Drobe
Duration: 2019 – 2024
Provider: GAMU – Grant Agency of Masaryk University
Project web page: muni.cz/vyzkum/projekty/47648

Abstract:

Resources given by the MASH Award will be used be to expand the thematic scope of the ERC / CRAACE project as well as to increase the range of scientific outputs. In addition, the MASH funding will also be used to support the development of early career researchers in the broad areas covered by the project, namely, early- to mid-twentieth century art, architecture and design in central Europe, in order to build up the research capacity of the Department of Art History and the Faculty, more generally.

Remote Access: Understanding Art from the Distant Past

Principal investigator: Jakub Bulvas Stejskal
Team: Ancuta Mortu, Mark Winsor
Duration: 2021-2024
Provider: GAMU – Grant Agency of Masaryk University
Web: muni.cz/vyzkum/projekty/61888

Abstract:

„Remote Access“ (RA) examines possible theoretical concepts that would address such anxiety, through the construction of an aesthetics of remote objects. The project’s guiding hypothesis is that the problem of the appropriate aesthetic response to remote objects can be reframed as one of recovering their public aesthetic status.

Creativity from Vienna to the world:
Transatlantic exchanges in pedagogy and design

Principal investigator: Julia Secklehner
Team: Megan Brandow-Faller
Duration: 2022-2024
Provider: Botstieber Institute for Austrian- American Studies
Project web: viennatotheworld.com

Abstract:

Creativity from Vienna to the World is an online project that includes lectures, a blog and an online exhibition. It connects aspects of design and women’s history, pedagogy, migration history and cultural transfer to trace the achievements of migrant women designers who moved to the United States from Central Europe in the first half of the twentieth century. More specifically, the project addresses how ideas related to design and pedagogy consolidated in Central Europe were developed by women designers who had successful second careers in the United States, such as Emmy Zweybrück-Prohaska, Hilda Jesser-Schmid, Vally Wieselthier and Lisl Weil.

The First Histories of Architecture and the Creation of National Heritage in South- Eastern Europe (1860-1930). A Transnational Approach

Principal investigator: Cosmin Tudor Minea
Duration: 2023-2026
Provider: GAČR

Abstract:

The project proposes a novel, comparative and transnational analysis of the entangled histories of architecture of the South-Eastern European states (Romania, Serbia, Bulgaria) and neighbouring regions or countries in South-Eastern parts of the Habsburg Empire (Bukovina, Hungary) from the mid-19th century to 1914. The project will investigate the overlapping and competing ideas about the historical monuments and the cultural identity of these regions that are marked by a common history and a shared heritage but also by individual national ideologies developed since the 19th century. The project will thus lead to a different understanding of historical monuments and of the ways modern identities were formed, with a much more careful appreciation for the significance of transnational networks and collaborations and less for individual and often exclusionary national ideologies.

Beyond the Village. Folk Cultures as Agents of Modernity, 1918-1945

Principal investigator: Marta Filipová

Team: Julia Secklehner
Duration: 2024 – 2026
Provider: GAČR, Standard Grants

Abstract:

Folk cultures have never been just a passive observant of history and this project focuses on their agency. It considers them as active participants in and agents of political, economic social and cultural change in Czechoslovakia between 1918 and 1945. Folk cultures are conceived broadly to include ceramics, textiles, garments, toys, or furniture created by anonymous makers. In contrast to now canonical understandings, which have seen folk cultures as passively following high art and as relics of the premodern and preindustrial past, Beyond the Village approaches them as contributors to modernity. Examining the political, commercial and emancipatory roles of folk cultures, the project views them as an organic phenomenon capable of engaging with the challenges of modernity. The project brings innovative views of the topic:

  1. It interrogates the local cultures of Czechoslovakia, which include not only Czech and Slovak but also Ruthenian, German, Hungarian, or Roma folk cultures.
  2. It focuses on the transfer of folk cultures between geographies by looking at the roles they had for the diaspora in the USA.
  3. The project addresses the intensely gendered nature of folk cultures and analyses women’s role as producers, consumers and promoters of folk modernity.

By this, the project aims to provide an alternative reading to established histories of art and design of interwar Czechoslovakia.